Raising dogs, especially taking care of the montenegrin mountain hound, is a specialty of humans. Some experts have proven that dogs were first domesticated sometime between twelve thousand and twenty five thousand years ago—and that all canines evolved from wolves. Since then, people have selectively bred more than four hundred breeds, which vary in size from 4-pound teacup poodles to Irish wolfhounds, whose 3-foot stature has earned them the distinction of the tallest canine. However, the most popular canines are the non-pedigree dogs—the one-of-a-kind dogs known as mixed-breeds. The montenegrin mountain hound is also a favorite choice among canine owners. Many owners are unaware, however, of some of the most critical montenegrin mountain hound care tips.
Health care cost of your montenegrin mountain hound
The yearly budget for raising the montenegrin mountain hound—which includes meals, veterinary care, toys and license—could vary between $420 and seven hundred eighty dollars. This figure doesn’t include capital costs for spay/neuter operations, a collar and leash, carrier and a dog crate. Tip: Be sure you have all your items before you bring your montenegrin mountain hound home for the first time.
Basic montenegrin mountain hound Care
montenegrin mountain hound Feeding Schedule
- montenegrin mountain hound pups between 8 and 12 weeks need 4 meals every 24 hours.
- Feed montenegrin mountain hound pups 3 to 6 months old 3 meals daily.
- Feed pups 6 months to one year 2 meals in a day.
- When your montenegrin mountain hound reaches his or her 1st birthday, 1 meal in a day is usually sufficient.
- Some montenegrin mountain hounds, however, prefer 2 smaller helpings. It’s your job to learn your montenegrin mountain hound’s eating schedule.
High-quality dry food provides balanced nutrition for adult montenegrin mountain hounds and may be mixed with canned food, water, or broth. Your montenegrin mountain hound may also like fruits and vegetables, cooked eggs, and cottage cheese, but these should be less than 10 percent of his or her daily food. montenegrin mountain hound pups should be fed premium-quality, brand-name puppy food. Please try to cut down on “people food”, though, since it can cause mineral and vitamin imbalances, bone and teeth issues, and might cause some extremely finicky food choices as well as obesity. Clean, potable water should be available only, and be certain to wash food and water bowls frequently.
montenegrin mountain hound Care Tips: Make sure your montenegrin mountain hound gets some daily physical activity
montenegrin mountain hounds must get some daily physical activity so they can stay fit, stimulate their minds, and keep healthy. Daily physical activity also seems to help montenegrin mountain hounds fight boredom, which can lead to naughty behavior. Physical activity will quell many of your montenegrin mountain hound’s instinctual urges to chase, retrieve, chew, dig and herd. Exercise needs vary based on your montenegrin mountain hound’s age and his level of health—but ten minutes in back of the house and just a walk around the block every day probably won’t be enough. If your montenegrin mountain hound is a six to eighteen month adolescent, his requirements will probably be much greater.
Grooming tips for montenegrin mountain hounds
You can help reduce shedding and keep your montenegrin mountain hound clean with brushing. Check for ticks and fleas daily during warm weather. Sometimes montenegrin mountain hounds don’t need a bath more than a few times a year. Before the bath, comb or cut out any and all mats from the montenegrin mountain hound’s hair. Rinse all soap from the coat, or the dirt will stick to soap residue.
Handling Your montenegrin mountain hound
Pups, as opposed to adults, are clearly the easiest to manage. To carry your montenegrin mountain hound pup, take one hand and place it beneath the dog’s chest, with either your forearm or other hand supporting his hind legs and rump. Don’t ever attempt to lift or grab your pup by the forelegs, tail or back of the neck. If you must lift a bigger, full-grown montenegrin mountain hound, pick it up from underneath, supporting his chest with one arm and rump with your other.
How to House your montenegrin mountain hound
montenegrin mountain hounds need a comfortable peaceful place to be able to rest away from all the drafts and away from the floor or ground. You might wish to think about purchasing a dog bed, or make one from a wooden box. Put a clean comforter or pillow inside the bed for cushioning. Wash your montenegrin mountain hound’s bed covering frequently. If the montenegrin mountain hound will be spending a lot of time outdoors, be certain she has access to plenty of cool water and shade in hot weather, and a dry, covered, warm area when it’s cold.
Licensing and Identification for montenegrin mountain hounds
Your community has licensing rules to heed. Be sure to attach the license to your montenegrin mountain hound’s collar. The license, together with an identification tag, will most likely help you recover your montenegrin mountain hound if she happens to go missing.
montenegrin mountain hound Behavior Facts
About Training Your montenegrin mountain hound
A well-behaved, companion montenegrin mountain hound is a blessing. But left untrained, your dog can be a headache. Training your montenegrin mountain hound on the standards—”Heel”, “Off”, “Sit”, “Stay”, “Come”, “Down”, and “Leave it”—will bolster the relationship with both your pooch as well as your house guests. If you own a puppy, start training her on the right responses immediately! Use a snack as an incentive and a reward. Puppies can be enrolled in obedience class when they are adequately vaccinated. Call your community SPCA or humane society for information about obedience course recommendations. Always walk your montenegrin mountain hound on a leash when, even while a pup. Just be sure your doggie will come back to you every time you say. A disobedient or aggressive montenegrin mountain hound cannot play with other people.
Your montenegrin mountain hound’s Health
Your montenegrin mountain hound should visit the vet for a thorough examination, immunizations and heartworm assessment annualy, and promptly when he is sick or hurt.
Knowing Your montenegrin mountain hound’s Oral Health
Although we may simply dislike our montenegrin mountain hound’s foul breath, it’s important to be aware of what it might be a symptom of. Bad breath usually suggests that your montenegrin mountain hound needs a dental exam. Dental plaque due to bacteria brings a foul odor that demands the help of a professional. After a professional cleaning, her teeth and gums may be kept up by brushing regularly, feeding a special diet focused on dental health, and eliminating table food. The vet can supply you with additional data on reducing dental disease as well as halitosis. You can use a baking soda and water paste or a dog toothpaste once or twice per week to brush your montenegrin mountain hound’s teeth. Use a child’s soft toothbrush, a gauze pad or a piece of nylon pantyhose stretched over your finger. Periodontal disease,which is an infection between the gums and teeth, often affects montenegrin mountain hounds. Frequently, teeth loss takes place due to periodontal disease. Infections can possibly also propagate to the rest of your montenegrin mountain hound’s body. The veterinarian usually will brush the montenegrin mountain hound’s teeth while performing the regular health analysis.
Breeds with Halitosis (bad breath)
While oral disease alone is not critical if found early enough, bad breath may be indicative of fairly serious, chronic causes for concern. Diseases of the intestines or liver sometimes cause halitosis, whereas a pleasant, even sweet smell may usually be indicative of diabetes. When your montenegrin mountain hound’s breath smells like urine or ammonia, kidney disease is a possibility. Set an appointment with a veterinarian whenever your montenegrin mountain hound has halitosis along with other signs of disease like excessive urinating or drinking, depression or lethargy, weight loss, nausea, or decreased appetite.
Dealing with Fleas and Ticks in montenegrin mountain hounds
When it’s warm, it’s critical for you to perform regular, daily checks of your montenegrin mountain hound for ticks and fleas. Use a flea comb to find and remove fleas. There are numerous new procedures of flea and tick management. Get advice from your vet about her or his recommendations.
Heartworm problems in montenegrin mountain hounds
Your montenegrin mountain hound is at risk of heartworms if he is exposed to mosquitoes often. The insect carries this parasite from dog to dog. Heartworm infections are known to be deadly. It’s important you make sure your montenegrin mountain hound takes a blood screening for this parasite each year during the spring. A once-a-month tablet taken throughout the course of the warm, wet time of the year will protect your montenegrin mountain hound. Your montenegrin mountain hound should be on heartworm medication throughout a winter trip to a warmer climate. There are some locations, usually the places with warmer temperatures, where the veterinarians advise heartworm tablets be used all the time.
Medicines and Poisons
Remember to never give your montenegrin mountain hound medication that hasn’t been prescribed by her vet. Did you know that just one regular-strength ibuprofen tablet will sometimes cause stomach ulcers in some dogs Make sure your montenegrin mountain hound is never exposed to rat poison and other rodenticides. Be sure you call your dog’s doctor when you suspect your montenegrin mountain hound has ingested a toxin. You could also contact the ASPCA Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435 for 24 hr. help.
montenegrin mountain hound Reproductive Surgery
Male montenegrin mountain hounds should be neutered – the extraction of the testes – and females spayed – the extraction of the ovaries and uterus – by six months of age. You can greatly reduce your female’s breast cancer risk by spaying prior to maturity. Spaying also eradicates the chance of an infected uterus, a very serious condition in older females that demands surgery and intensive medical care. Testicular cancer, prostate diseases, some hernias and certain aggressive behavior are all preventable by neutering males.
montenegrin mountain hound Vaccinating
- The combination vaccine (also known as a “5-in-one shot”) ought to be given to your montenegrin mountain hound at 2, three, and four months of age and again once every year. This vaccine immunizes your puppy from hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, parainfluenza, and distemper. The montenegrin mountain hound must be vaccinated for at least the first four months of her life.
- If you have an unvaccinated montenegrin mountain hound older than four or 5 months, she must have a set of two innoculations given two to 3 weeks apart, followed by an annual immunization.
- montenegrin mountain hound puppy socialization and immunization should go together. Many doctors advise that new owners take their montenegrin mountain hound pups to socialization courses, beginning at 8 to nine weeks of age. They should have already received their first immunizations by then.
Statutes vary so much around the country, that it’s best to call your community vet to get rabies innoculation info. In New York City, for example, the law requires all pets older than 3 months of age to be vaccinated for rabies. After the first innoculation, he must have a second vaccination the next year, and then every three years. There are several vaccines that could be right for your montenegrin mountain hound. Your vet can give you her recommendation. By the way, if your montenegrin mountain hound happens to get ill because she is not innoculated, the shot can be administered once your pet is back to health.
Hookworms in montenegrin mountain hounds
montenegrin mountain hounds are often exposed to worms and possible infestation—especially in rural areas. Microscopic eggs made by roundworms and hookworms are passed in an infested dog’s stool. Even the healthiest of montenegrin mountain hound puppies carry hookworms or roundworms. The secret to effective treatment is early detection. This will maximize the possibility that the treatment is successful against the worms your dog has. A dewormer that eradicates roundworms, for example, won’t kill tapeworms. Your vet can best identify the culprit—and prescribe the appropriate medicine.
montenegrin mountain hound: Miscellaneous Care Tips
Checklist of montenegrin mountain hound Supplies
- Premium-quality dog food and treats specifically designed for montenegrin mountain hounds and similarly-sized dogs
- Food bowl
- Water dish
- Toys, toys and more toys, including safe chew toys
- Brush & comb for grooming, including a flea comb
- Collar with license and ID tag
- Dog carrier (for pups)
- Crate for training
- Box or dog bed with warm blanket or towel
- Doggie toothbrush
The no-no list
Never feed your montenegrin mountain hound the following:
- Alcohol, beer, wine or liquor
- Caffeinated foods, like coffee, tea or chocolate
- Grapes or raisins
- Moldy or spoiled food
- Onions, garlic and chives
- Bones of chicken, turkey, or any other animal (choking hazard)
- Salt & salty foods
- Tomato leaves, unripe fruit and stems
Retain your montenegrin mountain hound on a leash when you are outside, unless you are in a secured, fenced-in spot. And please, when your montenegrin mountain hound defecates on your neighbor’s yard, take care of it! Don’t forget to check out these other articles about montenegrin mountain hounds
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