Raising dogs, in particular providing care for the kumaon mastiff, is a specialty of humans across the globe. Some zoologists have proven that dogs were domesticated sometime between twelve thousand and twenty five thousand years ago—and that all dogs evolved from wolves. Since then, human beings have selectively bred more than 400 breeds, which range in size from 4-pound teacup poodles all the way up to Irish wolfhounds, who have earned the distinction of tallest canine. But the most popular dogs are the non-pedigree dogs—the one-of-a-kind dogs known as mixed-breeds. The kumaon mastiff is also a popular choice with dog owners. Some owners are misinformed, however, of many of the most critical kumaon mastiff care tips.
Typical health care cost of your kumaon mastiff
The yearly cost of raising the kumaon mastiff—which includes everything from food and snacks, to doctor bills, toys and license—can range between $420 and seven hundred eighty dollars. This does not even count capital costs for sterilization procedures, collar and leash, carrier and crate. Tip: Be positive you have all of the required items before bringing your kumaon mastiff home.
General kumaon mastiff Care
kumaon mastiff Feeding Routine
- kumaon mastiff puppies between 8 and 12 weeks need 4 meals per day.
- Feed kumaon mastiff puppies 3 to 6 months old three meals every 24 hour period.
- Feed pups 6 months old to 1 year old two times in a 24 hour period.
- By the time the kumaon mastiff reaches her 1st birthday, 1 feeding daily is usually sufficient.
- Sometimes adult kumaon mastiffs might prefer 2 lighter meals. It is your duty to learn your kumaon mastiff’s eating tendencies.
High-quality dry dog food provides balanced nutrition for grown kumaon mastiffs and can mix with water, canned food, or broth. Your kumaon mastiff may also have a taste for fruits and vegetables, cooked eggs, and cottage cheese, but these foods should not be more than ten pct of his or her daily food. kumaon mastiff puppies should probably be fed top-quality, name brand puppy food. You should cut down on “people food”, however, because it can result in mineral and vitamin deficiencies, bone and teeth issues, and may create some extremely picky food choices and obesity. Clean, fresh water should be available always, and be sure to wash water and food bowls very frequently.
kumaon mastiff Care Tips: Make sure your kumaon mastiff gets plenty of daily exercise
kumaon mastiffs must get some physical activity to burn calories, stimulate their minds, and stay healthy. Physical activity also really helps kumaon mastiffs avoid boredom, which can lead to naughty behavior. Physical activity would satisfy most of your kumaon mastiff’s instinctual urges to retrieve, dig, chew, chase and herd. Individual exercise needs vary based on your kumaon mastiff’s level of health and her age—but ten minutes outside and merely a walk down the street every day probably won’t cut it. If your kumaon mastiff is a six to 18 month adolescent, his requirements will probably be much higher.
Grooming tips for kumaon mastiffs
Regular brushing will help keep your kumaon mastiff clean and reduce shedding. Check for fleas and ticks daily during the summer or other warm weather. Many kumaon mastiffs don’t need to be bathed more than a few times during the year. Prior to bathing, cut out or comb all mats from the kumaon mastiff’s hair. Rinse all soap out of the coat, or the dirt will stick to the soap residue.
Handling Your kumaon mastiff
Pups, as opposed to adults, are obviously easier to manage. To carry the kumaon mastiff puppy, take 1 hand and put it under the dog’s chest, with either your forearm or your other hand supporting his or her back legs and rear. Never attempt to lift or grab your pup by her front legs, nape or tail. When you need to lift a bigger, full-grown kumaon mastiff, lift from underneath, bracing his chest with 1 arm and rump with your other arm.
How to House the kumaon mastiff
kumaon mastiffs need a warm peaceful place to rest away from all the breezes and off the floor. You may want to think about buying a dog bed, or consider making one from a wood box. Put a clean sheet, blanket, comforter, or pillow inside the bed for cushion. Wash the kumaon mastiff’s bed covering frequently. If the kumaon mastiff will be outdoors frequently, be certain he has shade and plenty of cool water in the summer, and a dry, warm, covered area when it’s cold.
kumaon mastiff Licensing and Identification
Your area has licensing rules to heed. You should affix the license to your kumaon mastiff’s collar. The license, together with an ID tag or tattoo, can easily help secure your kumaon mastiff’s return should she go missing.
Info on kumaon mastiff Temperament
kumaon mastiff Training
Well-behaved, companion kumaon mastiffs can truly be a blessing to have. However, when untrained, your kumaon mastiff could be nothing but trouble. Teaching your kumaon mastiff the standards—”Come”, “Down”, “Heel”, “Off”, “Sit”, “Stay”, and “Leave it”—strengthens the relationship with both the kumaon mastiff as well as the company. If you’re the owner of a pup, begin teaching her the appropriate responses as soon as humanly possible! Use little bits of food as an incentive and a reward. Pups can begin obedience class when they have been sufficiently vaccinated. Contact the local humane society or SPCA for information on training courses. It is best to keep your kumaon mastiff leashed in public, even as a puppy. Just be positive your dog will come back to you when you tell her to. A disobedient or aggressive kumaon mastiff can’t play with kids.
The Health of Your kumaon mastiff
Your kumaon mastiff should see the vet for a full check-up, vaccinations and heartworm examination annualy, and ASAP when she is hurt or sick.
kumaon mastiff Dental Health
While many of us might object to our kumaon mastiff’s halitosis, we must pay attention to what it may indicate. Foul-smelling breath usually means that your kumaon mastiff needs an oral check up. Plaque triggered by unhealthy bacteria brings a bad stench that necessitates the help of a professional. Once your kumaon mastiff has had a cleaning from a professional, his mouth may be maintained in a healthy state by brushing the teeth regularly, feeding a specially formulated dental diet and treats, and avoiding table scraps. Your veterinarian can provide you with additional data on eradicating periodontal disease as well as bad breath. You can easily brush your kumaon mastiff’s teeth with a dog paste or a paste made of baking soda and water a couple of times per week. Use a child’s soft toothbrush, a gauze pad or a piece of nylon pantyhose stretched over your finger. Periodontal disease,which is an infection between the tooth and the gum, sometimes affects kumaon mastiffs. This dreadful condition can sometimes result in loss of teeth and also spread infection to the rest of her body. The vet will clean your dog’s teeth at a typical checkup.
Breeds with Halitosis (bad breath)
If your kumaon mastiff has foul breath, gum disease might only be a symptom of another ailment. Liver or intestinal diseases may cause halitosis, while a fruity, even pleasant smell may be indicative of diabetes. When your kumaon mastiff’s breath smells of urine or ammonia, kidney disease is a possibility. Set an appointment with a veterinarian whenever your kumaon mastiff has halitosis along with other signs of disease like excessive urinating or drinking, depression or lethargy, weight loss, nausea, or decreased appetite.
kumaon mastiff Tick and Flea Issues
When it’s warm, it’s important for you to perform daily inspections of your kumaon mastiff for ticks and fleas. You can remove fleas using a flea comb. There are several new techniques of tick and flea management. Get advice from your kumaon mastiff’s doctor about these and other recommendations.
kumaon mastiffs With Heartworm Issues
Your kumaon mastiff is at risk of contracting heartworms if she is exposed to mosquitoes often. Mosquitoes carry the worm from dog to dog. Heartworm infections are known to be deadly. It is extremely important you make sure your kumaon mastiff submits to a blood screening for heartworms each spring. A monthly pill taken throughout the course of mosquito season can help to protect your kumaon mastiff. If ever you vacation in warmer regions with your kumaon mastiff in the winter, she ought to be on the preventive medicine during the trip. In some of the warmer areas, veterinarians recommend preventative heartworm medication be taken continuously.
Medicines and Poisons
Don’t ever give your kumaon mastiff medicine that hasn’t been prescribed by her veterinarian. For example, did you know that just one regular-strength ibuprofen capsule causes ulcers in kumaon mastiffs? Keep rat poison and other rodenticides away from your kumaon mastiff. When you have reason to suspect that your doggie has been exposed to a poison, call your veterinarian or the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435 24 hrs. per day for instructions.
kumaon mastiff Reproductive Surgery
It is recommended that female kumaon mastiffs be spayed—which is the removal of the uterus and ovaries—and males neutered—removal of the testicles—by 6 months old. Spaying before maturity significantly reduces the breast cancer risk, which is a usually deadly and common health problem for more mature females. The possibility of a sick uterus, which is another serious disease that affects more mature females, will be removed by spaying when young. Neutering males eliminates the risk of testicular diseases, some hernias and certain aggressive behavior.
kumaon mastiff Vaccinations
- kumaon mastiff puppies should be vaccinated with a combo innoculation (called a “5-in-one”) at two, three and four months old, and then once annually. This shot immunizes your puppy from distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, and parainfluenza. The kumaon mastiff puppy’s immunization regimen cannot be finished prior to four months of age.
- If you have an uninnoculated kumaon mastiff older than four or 5 months, he must get a series of 2 vaccinations two or three weeks apart, followed by a yearly innoculation.
- Your kumaon mastiff puppy’s socialization should coincide with the vaccination program. You should bring your kumaon mastiff puppy to socialization classes by 8 or nine weeks of age, according to many doctors. At this point, they should have already received at least their first innoculations.
Rules are so varied between different areas, the best thing is to contact your neighborhood doctor to get rabies innoculation details. In NYC, for example, the rule states that all pets older than 3 months of age to be vaccinated for rabies. After the original vaccination, he must have another immunization the following year, and then every 3 years after that. There are a variety of innoculations that are effective for your kumaon mastiff. Your vet can tell you about them. Also, if your kumaon mastiff gets sick because she is not properly immunized, do not give the vaccination until the dog has made a full recovery.
Tapeworms in kumaon mastiffs
kumaon mastiffs are often exposed to worms—in all areas, both urban and rural. Tiny eggs produced by roundworms are transmitted through an infested dog’s feces. Even the healthiest of kumaon mastiff puppies carry roundworms or hookworms. An accurate, early diagnosis is the key to treatment. Early, accurate diagnosis maximizes the possibility that prescribed medicine will be successful against your dog’s worms. A dewormer that eliminates hookworms, for example, will not kill tapeworms. Your vet can best figure out the culprit—and prescribe the right treatment.
Additional kumaon mastiff Care Tips
Checklist of kumaon mastiff Supplies
- High-quality dog food and treats specifically for kumaon mastiffs and similarly-sized dogs
- Food bowl
- Water bowl
- As many safe toys as you can provide, especially chewable
- Brush & comb for grooming, including flea comb
- Collar with ID tag and license
- Quality leash
- Carrier (for pups)
- Training crate
- Dog bed or box with blanket or towel
- Dog toothbrush
The no-no list
The following items should never be fed to kumaon mastiffs:
- Alcohol, beer, wine or liquor
- Chocolate, tea, coffee, or any other caffeinated foods
- Grapes or raisins
- Spoiled or moldy food
- Onions, chives & garlic
- Chicken, turkey, or any other poultry bones
- Salt & salty foods
- Tomato leaves, unripe fruit or stems
Retain your kumaon mastiff on a leash whenever you are outdoors, unless you are in a secured, fenced-in space. And please, when your kumaon mastiff defecates on your neighbor’s lawn, remove it! Don’t forget to check out these other articles about kumaon mastiffs
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