Raising dogs, in particular taking care of the telomian, is a specialty of humans across the globe. Historians postulate dogs were first domesticated sometime between twelve thousand and 25,000 years ago—and that canines evolved from wolves. Since those days, people have selectively bred more than four hundred different breeds, which vary in size from 4-pound teacup poodles to Irish wolfhounds, whose three-ft stature earns them the title of tallest dog. However, the most preferred pooches are non-pedigree dogs—the one-of-a-kind dogs known as mutts. The telomian is another favorite choice with dog owners. Some owners are misinformed, however, of some important telomian care tips.
Cost of care for your telomian
The yearly cost of rearing your telomian—which includes nutrition and treats, to veterinary care, toys and license—could range between four hundred twenty and seven hundred eighty dollars. This doesn’t even account for capital expenses for sterilization surgery, collar and leash, a dog carrier and crate. Note: Make sure you have all your supplies before you get your telomian home.
Basic telomian Care
telomian Feeding Outline
- telomian puppies between 8 and 12 weeks old need four meals in a 24 hour period.
- Feed telomian puppies 3 to 6 months old three meals every 24 hour period.
- Feed pups 6 months old to 1 year two meals every 24 hours.
- By the time your telomian makes his 1st birthday, one meal per day is adequate.
- Many times telomians, however, prefer 2 lighter servings. It’s your responsibility to learn your telomian’s eating tendencies.
Excellent-quality dry dogfood ensures balanced nutrition for grown telomians and may be mixed with broth, water, or canned food. Your telomian may be fond of cottage cheese, fruits and vegetables, and cooked eggs, but these foods shouldn’t total more than 10 percent of his daily nutrition intake. telomian puppies need to be given top-quality, name brand puppy food. Try to cut down on “table food”, however, because it can cause mineral and vitamin imbalances, tooth and bone problems, and may cause some very finicky eating habits as well as obesity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times, and make sure to wash water and food dishes daily.
telomian Care Tips: Make sure your telomian gets some daily physical activity
telomians need some exercise to stay in shape, recharge their brains, and maintain their health. Daily physical activity also really helps telomians avoid boredom, which often has the potential to lead to to difficult behavior. Physical activity would quell many of your telomian’s instinctual urges to chew, dig, chase, retrieve and herd. Exercise needs vary based on your telomian’s age and his level of health—but 10 minutes outside and merely a walk down the street every day probably won’t suffice. If your telomian is a six to eighteen month adolescent, his requirements will probably be much greater.
Frequent brushing will help reduce shedding and keep your telomian clean. Check for ticks and fleas daily during the summer or other warm weather. Sometimes telomians don’t need to be bathed more than a few times per year. Before the bath, cut out or comb any mats from the telomian’s hair. Rinse all soap out of the coat, or the dirt will stick to the soap residue.
How to Handle Your telomian
Pups, as opposed to adults, are obviously the easiest to handle. When carrying your telomian puppy, take 1 hand and place it under the dog’s chest, with either your forearm or your other hand supporting his or her back legs and rump. Never try to lift or grab your pup by the forelegs, tail or nape. When you need to lift a bigger, adult telomian, pick it up from the underside, bracing his or her chest with one of your arms and rear end with your other.
telomians need a comfy quiet place to sleep apart from all the breezes and away from the ground or floor. You may want to purchase a dog bed, or try making one from a wood box. Put a clean comforter, sheet, blanket, or pillow inside the bed for cushioning. Wash the telomian’s bed covering frequently. If the telomian will be outdoors often, make certain he has plenty of cool water and covering in hot weather, and a dry, covered, warm area in the cold.
Licensing and Identification for telomians
Your area has licensing regulations to follow. Make certain you attach the license to your telomian’s collar. This, together with an identification tag or tattoo, can possibly help you recover your telomian should he go missing.
telomian Behavior Information
Training your telomian
A well-mannered, companion telomian is a joy to own. But untrained, your telomian can possibly be trouble. Training your telomian on the minimums—”Sit”, “Stay”, “Come”, “Down”, “Heel”, “Off”, and “Leave it”—strengthens your relationship both with your pooch as well as your company. If you have a puppy, start teaching him the right behavior as soon as humanly possible! Use food as recognition and incentive. Puppies should begin obedience classes when they are adequately immunized. Contact the local humane society or SPCA for training courses. Always keep your telomian on a leash in public, even as a puppy. Just be positive your telomian will come to you when you call her. An aggressive or disobedient telomian cannot play with kids.
Your telomian should visit the veterinarian for a full assessment, shots and a heartworm blood screening annualy, and ASAP when she is ill or hurt.
telomian Oral Health
Although we may object to our telomian’s halitosis, we must be aware of what it may represent. Halitosis is most commonly an indication that your telomian needs a dental examination. Plaque triggered by unhealthy bacteria creates a terrible odor that can only be cured with the help of a professional. Once you have given your telomian a cleaning from a professional, the gums and teeth can be maintained by brushing the teeth regularly, feeding a specially formulated dental diet and treats, and avoiding table scraps. Your veterinarian can provide you other info for mitigating oral problems and bad breath. You should clean the telomian’s teeth using a dog toothpaste or a homemade paste made of baking soda and water a few times per week. Brush them with a piece of nylon stocking stretched over the finger, a sterile gauze pad, or a soft, child’s toothbrush. Sometimes telomians develop periodontal disease, another name for gum disease. Often, loss of teeth occurs due to periodontal disease. Infections will sometimes also propagate to other areas of your telomian’s body. The vet should clean the teeth as a regular part of your telomian’s health physical.
Bad telomian Breath
If your telomian has bad breath, periodontal disease might not necessarily be the issue, as other more serious diseases also have that symptom. A fruity, even pleasant smell can frequently be indicative of diabetes, while diseases of the intestines or liver may cause foul breath. If your telomian’s breath smells of ammonia or urine, kidney disease is a possible reason. Set an appointment with a veterinarian whenever your telomian has halitosis along with other signs of disease like excessive urinating or drinking, depression or lethargy, weight loss, nausea, or decreased appetite.
telomian Tick and Flea Issues
In the summer, it’s crucial for you to perform regular, daily inspections of your telomian for fleas and ticks. You can remove fleas with a flea comb. There are numerous new technologies of tick mitigation. Ask your vet about her or his options.
Heartworms in telomians
Your telomian is at risk of heartworms if she is exposed to mosquitoes often. Mosquitoes transport this parasite from dog to dog. Heartworm infestations can be fatal. It’s critical that you ensure your telomian has a blood screening for heartworms annually each spring. It is also good to give your telomian a monthly pill in mosquito season in order to protect her from heartworms. Should you ever travel in a warmer-than-usual region with your telomian during the winter, she needs to be on the preventive medicine during the trip. In some of the milder regions, vets recommend preventive heartworm medication year round.
Poisons and Medications
If you’re pondering giving your telomian tablets that was not prescribed for him by his veterinarian, forget it. One little ibuprofen tablet can possibly cause stomach ulcers in telomians. Make sure your telomian is never exposed to rat poison and other rodenticides. Make sure you call your dog’s vet if you think your telomian has been exposed to poison. You may also call the ASPCA Poison Control Center at (888) 426-4435 for 24 hour help.
telomians: Spaying and Neutering
It is recommended that female telomians be spayed—the removal of the ovaries and uterus—and males neutered—removal of the testes—by 6 months old. You usually will greatly diminish your female’s breast cancer risk by spaying prior to maturity. The chance of a sick uterus, which is also a serious disease that impacts more mature females, will also be eliminated by spaying when young. Neutering male telomians prevents testicular and prostate diseases, certain aggressive behavior and some hernias.
Innoculating your telomian
- telomian pups should be innoculated with a combo innoculation (called the “five-in-one”) at two, 3 and 4 months old, and then once yearly. This vaccine protects your telomian puppy from distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, and parainfluenza. Your telomian puppy’s vaccination program cannot be finished prior to 4 months old.
- If your telomian has not been vaccinated and is older than four months, she will need two vaccinations immediately, 2 or 3 weeks apart. After that you must immunize annualy.
- Your telomian puppy’s socialization should coincide with his vaccination program. You should bring your telomian puppy to socialization classes by 8 to 9 weeks of age, according to most vets. They should have received their first vaccinations by then.
Because statutes vary so much between different areas, contact a community vet for info on rabies vaccination. For instance, in New York City, the statute requires any pets older than 3 months must be vaccinated for rabies. After the original shot, she must get a second shot the next year, and then every three years. There are several immunizations that might effective for your telomian. Ask your telomian’s vet for his recommendation. Note, if your telomian gets sick because he is not innoculated, the innoculation must be given after your pet is back to health.
Intestinal Parasites in telomians
telomians are often exposed to worms—in all areas, both urban and rural. Eggs that carry hookworms are transmitted through a dog’s feces. Even the healthiest of telomian puppies carry hookworms or roundworms. The secret to effective treatment is early detection. This will make sure that the medication is highly effective against the worms your dog has. A dewormer that eradicates hookworms, for example, won’t kill tapeworms. Your doctor can best figure out the culprit—and decide the effective medication.
Miscellaneous telomian Care Tips
telomian Supply Checklist
- Top-quality dog food and snacks specifically for telomians and similarly-sized dogs
- Food bowl
- Water bowl
- Toys, toys and more toys, including safe chew toys
- Brush and comb for grooming, including a flea comb
- Collar with identification tag and license
- Quality leash
- Carrier (for puppies)
- Crate for training
- Box or dog bed with comforter or towel
- Dog toothbrush
Warnings to be Heeded
The following items should never be fed to telomians:
- Alcoholic beverages
- Chocolate, tea, coffee, or any other caffeinated foods
- Grapes or raisins
- Moldy or spoiled food
- Onions, garlic & chives
- Chicken, turkey, or any other poultry bones
- Salt and salty foods
- Tomato leaves, stems and unripe fruit
- Yeast dough
Unless you are at home, or in a secured, fenced-in space, keep your telomian on a leash at all times. And please, when your telomian defecates on your neighbor’s lawn, take care of it! Don’t forget to check out these other articles about telomians
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